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Juno allows you to securely identify users anonymously and save their data on the blockchain.

Our easy-to-use SDKs support authentication through Internet Identity and NFID.

Juno Authentication integrates tightly with other Juno services like datastore and storage.

You can manage your users in the authentication view in Juno's console. A new entry is created when a user successfully signs in (see below).


The Juno SDK must be installed and initialized in your app to use the authentication features.


You can authorize an existing or new user with the identity provider using signIn.

import { signIn } from "@junobuild/core";

await signIn();

The sign-in feature has options to customize the authentication:

  • maxTimeToLive: a maximum time to live (4 hours per default, BigInt(4 * 60 * 60 * 1000 * 1000 * 1000))

The duration is given. It remains unchanged, regardless of whether the users are active or inactive.

  • derivationOrigin: a specific parameter of Internet Identity
  • windowed: by default, the authentication flow is presented to the user in a popup that is automatically centered on desktop. This behavior can be disabled by setting the option to false. In that case, the authentication flow will occur in a separate tab.

You can configure the default sign-in flow that uses Internet Identity. You can also set NFID as a provider. Check out the advanced Sign-in guidelines for more details.


You can end a user's session by logging them out.

import { signOut } from "@junobuild/core";

await signOut();

This will clear the sign-in information stored in IndexedDB.


You can subscribe to the user state (signed-in or out) by using the subscriber function. This function provides a technical user and will trigger whenever the user's state changes.

import { authSubscribe } from "@junobuild/core";

authSubscribe((user: User | null) => {
console.log("User:", user);

If you register the subscriber at the top of your application, it will propagate the user's state accordingly (e.g. null when a new user opens the app, the new user's entry when they sign in, the existing user when they refresh the browser within the valid duration, and null again when they sign out).

Subscribing returns a callback that can be executed to unsubscribe:

import { authSubscribe } from "@junobuild/core";

const unsubscribe = authSubscribe((user: User | null) => {
console.log("User:", user);

// Above subscriber ends now


Here are a few advanced recipes to customize your sign-in flow and detect session expiration.

Providers

Juno currently supports Internet Identity and NFID, with NFID offering additional authentication methods such as Google, Metamask, and WalletConnect.

Internet Identity

Internet Identity offers two available domains: and

By default, the SDK uses because we anticipate it will become the main domain in the future.

import { signIn, InternetIdentityProvider } from "@junobuild/core";

// Default domain is ''
await signIn({
provider: new InternetIdentityProvider({}),

To switch to the, set the domain as follows.

import { signIn, InternetIdentityProvider } from "@junobuild/core";

await signIn({
provider: new InternetIdentityProvider({
domain: "",


To set up NFID, you need to configure the corresponding provider and provide your application name and a link to your logo.

import { signIn, NFIDProvider } from "@junobuild/core";

await signIn({
provider: new NFIDProvider({
appName: "Your app name",
logoUrl: "",

You can implement the signIn function in your application as many times as you wish, with various configurations. It is perfectly acceptable to use both Internet Identity and NFID within the same project.

Session Expiration

To proactively detect when a session duration expires, you can use the pre-bundled Web Worker provided by Juno's SDK.

To do so, you can follow these steps:

  1. Copy the worker file provided by Juno's SDK to your app's static folder. For example, to your public folder with a NPM postinstall script:
"postinstall": "rsync -aqz node_modules/@junobuild/core/dist/workers/*.js public/workers/"
  1. Enable the option when you initialize Juno:
import { initJuno } from "@junobuild/core";

await initJuno({
satelliteId: "aaaaa-bbbbb-ccccc-ddddd-cai",
workers: {
auth: true,

The auth option can accept either true, which will default to using a worker located at https://yourapp/workers/auth.worker.js, or a custom string` to provide your own URL.

When the session expires, it will be terminated with a standard sign-out. Additionally, an informational event called junoSignOutAuthTimer will be thrown at the document level. This event is optional and can be used, for example, to display a warning to your users.

document.addEventListener("junoSignOutAuthTimer", () => {
// Display an information to your users
}), {passive: true});